Introduction to NGO
The term NGO (Non-Governmental Organization) was coined initially in 1950 by the United Nations. NGO is a type of organisation which performs a variety of service and humanitarian functions and brings citizens concerns to the government. An NGO helps people in sustaining their legal rights and power in a society.
NGOs basically works for the welfare and betterment of the society and upliftment of
science, arts, culture etc. Such organizations are managed by the funds and resources from
various sources like government, funding agencies, supporting communities etc
development purposes, food distribution, clothes, medicines, etc; and all the basic necessities of a person.
Related: NGO कैसे start करे हिंदी में
Forming an NGO
In India, starting an NGO is not a difficult task. After setting up an NGO, one has to work for the welfare of the society without any profit motive. To start and run an NGO in India is an almost similar to run a company, but one must keep transparency.
Following are the few steps through which you can easily start an NGO in India:
•Decide the cause and mission of your NGO
•Set up the board of Directors/members
•Decide the name of your NGO
•Articles of Incorporation/ Articles of Association
•Registring an NGO
Decide the cause and mission of your NGO
The first step is to list down the cause that your NGO will be supporting then draft a
clear statement of mission that reflects the purpose it stands for, its goals, and its
Set up the board of Directors/members
There should be the board of Directors and members who will be responsible for
governing the NGO. Howsoever, there is no limit on the number of persons of
founder members or their supporters.
Decide the name of NGO
It is an obvious requirement to have name for any organisation and same is in the case
with an NGO. It could be anything, any idea, a reflection of the cause. However, the name should not be similar to any Government
Authority Body, Board or Ministry, or
any other registered company or NGO.
Articles of Association/Incorporation
In India, every NGO is legally required to document a trust deed/ Memorandum of
Understanding/Bylaws. It must contain the name and address of the NGO, mission and objectives, details of governing body members, etc.
Registering an NGO
As a company: An NGO could be registered as a company under Section 8 of the Company’s Act, 2013 when its objective is to promote arts, science, education, sports, social welfare, protection of the environment and research purposes.
When an NGO is registered as a company, it will not have to add the word ‘limited’ at the end, whereas it is mandatory to have words like Foundation, Council, Federation
etc. in its name.
As a society: An NGO could be registered as a society under Society registration Act of1860 with seven or more members. Section 20 of the Society registration Act, 1860 elucidates that such societies may include a military orphanage, formation and maintaining libraries, galleries and public museums. However, there must be well-defined powers and regulations in their
memorandum while registration itself, accompanied by affidavit. Such a society
provides rules and powers for the members in the documents itself and is governed as per the society bylaws.
As a trust: While like Section 8 Company and Society, Trust is a separate legal entity. The Author or Founder of the Trust will initially contribute to the corpus of the Trust and will also list out the objectives for which the said corpus can be used and also set the vision and mission of the Trust. After yielding the required trust deed and application form for Trust registration, on an average, it takes only 2 days to 1 week for its formation. Here, trustees are vested with power rather than a single person hence decisions tend to be more acute and
quicker. Afterthe completion of the NGO registration in the above three methods, the NGO is eligible to apply for registration under section 12-A and 80G Income Tax Act 1961.
By getting connected to various other NGOs, professionals, media houses, government agencies and corporate, it will lead to formation of wide network. Partnerships are main source of survival and thriving of NGOs . So, it is beneficial to get connected with the potential partners, believing in the cause you support.